Understanding papers and authorship (For academic support staff) Papers are a primary output of the Institute of Molecular Biosciences, and one of the ways in which the Institute is evaluated by the University. In this activity the underlying principles of papers and authorship were presented to the target audience of academic support staff. The information was given in both English and Thai to make sure there was complete understanding. The presenters were Prof. Duncan R. Smith and Dr. Poochit Nonejuie. A paper was described as a complete description of a research study, which may have taken months or years to complete. Each paper carries a list of names (the authors). It was presented that there are guidelines as to who can be considered as an author on a paper. While each journal has its own specific guidelines, the majority of journals use the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations.